Pro and Con 1102

Posted 3-5-04

Bush, Pope, and others, Nominated for Nobel Peace Prize

Final selection to be announced in October and awarded Dec. 10.
http://customwire.ap.org/dynamic/stories/N/NOBEL_PEACE_NOMINATIONS?SITE=DCTMS&SECTION=HOME

Incoming email, Re: Article on elohim

Here is an article that I hope will help you with your Hebrew understanding of the term Elohim.
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It has been pointed out to me recently that those of us who have thought of this word as meaning “Mighty One” or “Mighty Ones” could in fact have been mistranslating it. This has been done usually on the assumption that Elohim is a plural form of the word El, which stems from the ancient root words ‘ayil and ‘ul which carry the meaning of strength. El is used numerous times in the Scriptures in reference to YHWH, it is also used in many personal names - such as Eliyah - and occasionally it is used in reference to idols. But this assumption is wrong. The plural form of El is Elim and this word does literally mean “Mighty Ones.”

So what does Elohim mean? Well it is quite easily established that Elohim is the plural of Eloah - this is of course the word that is Allah in Arabic. In regard to the meaning of this word Strongs says, “probably prolonged (emphat.) from 410.” 410 is El, but notice it uses the word “probably” - what this really means is that they don’t know! The more likely candidate is

Strongs #422 - “‘Alah { aw-law’} a primitive root; TWOT - 94; v AV - swear 4, curse 1, adjure 1; 6 GK - 457 { hl;a;
1) to swear, curse
1a) (Qal)
1a1) to swear, take an oath (before God)
1a2) to curse
1b) (Hiphil)
1b1) to put under oath, adjure
1b2) to put under a curse.”

This might sound strange at first, but if you stop and consider, it makes quite a lot of sense. What it means is that Eloah would mean “Sworn One,” or “One who is under an Oath.” Or in particular reference to YHWH -“Covenanted One.” Elohim is of course the plural of this - and the plurality may refer to the oaths, not the persons -hence “One who is under Oaths”

Now consider how YHWH uses the word "Elohim":

“Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, YHWH, the Elohim of your fathers, the Elohim of Abraham, the Elohim of Isaac, and the Elohim of Jacob, hath sent me unto you: this is my name forever, and this is my memorial unto all generations. Ex.3:15

YHWH had sworn oaths - made covenants - with all three individuals mentioned, so He is indeed their Sworn One!

“I am YHWH your Elohim, who brought you out of the land of Mitsrayim (Egypt), out of the house of bondage. You shall have no other elohim before me.” Ex 20:2-3.

YHWH was in the process of making a covenant with all of Israel, infact entering into a marriage covenant with them. He and He alone was to be their “Sworn One!”

My reply

Thanks. I keep studying this interesting subject.

> > Eloah - this is of course the word that is Allah in Arabic. In regard to the meaning of this word Strongs says, “probably prolonged (emphat.) from 410.” 410 is El, but notice it uses the word “probably” - what this really means is that they don’t know! The more likely candidate is
> > Strongs #422 - “‘Alah { aw-law’} a primitive root; TWOT - 94; v AV - swear 4, curse 1, adjure 1; 6 GK - 457 { hl;a;
1) to swear, curse
1a) (Qal)
1a1) to swear, take an oath (before God)
1a2) to curse
1b) (Hiphil)
1b1) to put under oath, adjure
1b2) to put under a curse.”

I don't buy that for a minute. I doubt that you do either.

I John 5:7 says, "there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word (i.e., the Son of God), and the Holy Ghost: and THESE THREE ARE ONE (heis, the numeral one)." These three are one united Godhead. The Spirit of God is the Spirit of Christ too. Rom. 8:9 says, "But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the SPIRIT OF GOD dwell in you. Now if any man have not the SPIRIT OF CHRIST, he is none of his."

John 1:1-3 says, "In the beginning (as in Gen. 1:1) was the Word (the spokesman, the Word of God, the Son of God, Rev. 19:13), and the Word WAS WITH GOD, AND THE WORD WAS GOD. The same was in the beginning with God. All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made."

"And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into glory."

De. 18:15,18,19 says, "The LORD (YHVH) thy God (Elohim) will raise up unto thee a Prophet from the midst of thee, of thy brethren, like unto me; unto him ye shall hearken....I will raise them up a Prophet from among their brethren, like unto thee, and will put MY WORDS in his mouth; and he (Yeshua, the Word of God) shall SPEAK UNTO THEM all that I shall command him. And it shall come to pass, that WHOSOEVER WILL NOT HEARKEN UNTO MY WORDS WHICH HE SHALL SPEAK IN MY NAME, I WILL REQUIRE IT OF HIM."

In John 10:30, Yahshua, Y'shua, Yeshua, the Word of God, said, "I and my Father are one." The two are united in the Godhead.

> > “Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, YHWH, the Elohim of your fathers, the Elohim of Abraham, the Elohim of Isaac, and the Elohim of Jacob, hath sent me unto you: this is my name forever, and this is my memorial unto all generations. Ex.3:15

Ex. 3:15 gives us food for thought. I understand that it actually says, "God (ELOHIM) said moreover unto Moses, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, The LORD (YHVH) God (ELOHIM) of your fathers, the God (ELOHEY) of Abraham, the God (ELOHEY) of Isaac, and the God (ELOHEY) of Jacob, hath sent me unto you: this is my name for ever." It was the Son of God that appeared to Abraham, spoke to Abraham so he wouldn't actually kill Isaac, and wrestled all night with Jacob. Does Ex. 3:15 hint that Elohim is three united in one whole?

When Elohim, a masculine plural noun, represents God, it is used with singular verbs, and YHVH, singular, is used with plural verbs. We find that "God said," "God saw," "God created" and "God made," are Elohim plus singular verbs. To me, each of the combinations of the plural Elohim with singular verbs or the singular YHVH with plural verbs indicate a united plurality of the Godhead. God is obviously trying to show us something. We know that the word Elohim is truly plural, because it is translated "gods" when referring to men or pagan gods.

The "LORD God," which is YHVH (singular) Elohim (plural), indicates that the Godhead is a united plurality. No wonder "God (Elohim, plural) said, Let US make man in OUR image, after OUR likeness" in Gen. 1:26.

Adam, made in the likeness of God, was body, soul and spirit, a united plurality. Yet, this united plurality was one man. 1Th 5:23 says, "I pray God your whole SPIRIT and SOUL and BODY be preserved blameless unto the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ." Man, made in the image of God, is three in one, and God is three in one. In Gen. 3:22, "the LORD God (YHVH Elohim) said, Behold, the man is become as (symbolic language) ONE (echad, unity) OF US".

In Ex. 7:1, YHVH "said unto Moses, See, I have made thee a god (elohim) to Pharaoh: and Aaron thy brother shall be thy prophet." Moses was body, soul and spirit. Yet he was one man, a united plurality. Mal. 210 says, "hath not one (echad, united) God (Elohim, plural) created us?

De. 6:1-4 indicates the same united plurality. It says, "Now these are the COMMANDMENTS, the statutes, and the judgments, which the LORD (YHVH, singular) your God, (Elohim, plural) commanded to teach you, that ye might do them in the land whither ye go to possess it: That thou mightest fear the LORD (YHVH, singular) thy God (Elohim, plural), to keep all his statutes and his commandments, which I command thee... Hear therefore, O Israel, and observe to do it; that it may be well with thee, and that ye may increase mightily, as the LORD (YHVH, singular) God (Elohim, plural) of thy fathers hath promised thee, in the land that floweth with milk and honey. Hear, O Israel: The LORD (YHVH, singular) our God (Elohim, plural) is one (echad, united) LORD (YHVH, singular)."

Echad is used in Gen. 1:9. "God said, Let the waters under the heaven (lit., heavens) be gathered together unto one (echad, united) place." Truly, our oceans are still united as they surround the continents.

It is used in Gen. 2:24. "Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one (echad, united) flesh." I Chron. 17:21 asks, "what one (echad, united) nation (the United States) in the earth is like thy people Israel, whom God went to redeem to be his own people."

Zech. 14:9 says, "the LORD (YHVH, singular) shall be king over all the earth: in that day shall there be one (echad, united) LORD, and his name one (echad, united)."

The Godhead, represented by the plural Elohim, seems to be the united Father, Son and Holy Spirit. Isa. 48:16-18 says, "HEAR YE THIS; I have not spoken in secret from the beginning; from the time that it was, there am I (God the Son): and now the Lord GOD (1. God the Father), and his Spirit (2. the Holy Spirit), hath sent me (3. the Son of God). Thus saith the LORD (YHVH), thy Redeemer (YHVH of hosts, Isa. 44:6; i.e., the Pre-incarnate Yeshua HaMashiach), the Holy One of Israel; I am the LORD thy God (YHVH Elohim, a unified plurality) which teacheth thee to profit, which leadeth thee by the way that thou shouldest go. O that thou hadst hearkened to my (the Son of God's) commandments!" (given at Mt. Sinai). It is the Son of God that speaks to man.

Isa. 43:3,10-15 helps us understand YHVH's declaring, "I AM HE" in verses 10 and 13. It says, "I am the LORD (YHVH, singular) thy God (Elohim, plural), the Holy One of Israel, thy Saviour (Yasha, i.e., Yahshua, Yeshua)....believe me, and understand that I AM HE: before me there was no God formed, neither shall there be after me. I, even I, am the LORD (YHVH); and beside me there is no saviour (Yasha)....Yea, before the day was I AM HE; and there is none that can deliver out of my hand: I will work, and who shall let it? Thus saith the LORD (YHVH), your redeemer (Yeshua HaMashiach), the Holy One of Israel...I am the LORD (YHVH), your Holy One, the creator of Israel, your King."

Isa. 52:5,6, "saith the LORD (YHVH); and my name continually every day is blasphemed. Therefore my people shall know my name: therefore they shall know in that day that I AM HE that doth speak (he's the Word, the Logos, John 1:1-3; Yeshua, the spokesman): behold, IT IS I."

Isa. 44:6 shows that YHVH King of Israel is the same as YHVH of hosts, the Redeemer. It says, "Thus saith the LORD (YHVH) the King of Israel, and his redeemer the LORD (YHVH) of hosts; I am the first (YHVH King of Israel), AND I am the last (YHVH of hosts, His Redeemer); and beside me there is no God." Isa. 45:21,22 says, "I the LORD (YHVH)? and there is no God else beside me; a just God AND a Saviour; there is none beside me. Look unto me, and be ye saved, all the ends of the earth: for I am God, and there is none else."

Now we can answer Prov. 30:4. It says, "Who hath ascended up into heaven, or descended? who hath gathered the wind in his fists? who hath bound the waters in a garment? who hath established all the ends of the earth? what is his name (YHVH), and what is his son's name (YHVH of hosts, the Redeemer, Yeshua), if thou canst tell?"

The Redeemer is the Son of God. Dan. 3:25 says, "He answered and said, Lo, I see four men loose, walking in the midst of the fire, and they have no hurt; and the form of the fourth is like the Son of God." Mt. 8:29 says, "behold, they (wicked angels/demons) cried out, saying, What have we to do with thee, Jesus (Yeshua), thou Son of God? art thou come hither to torment us before the time?" Mark 5 5-77 says, "And always, night and day, he was in the mountains, and in the tombs, crying, and cutting himself with stones. But when he saw Jesus afar off, he ran and worshipped him, And cried with a loud voice, and said, What have I to do with thee, JESUS, THOU SON OF THE MOST HIGH GOD? I adjure thee by God, that thou torment me not."

The "Son of God" is also the "Son of man." Mt. 26:62,63 says, "Jesus held his peace, And the high priest answered and said unto him, I adjure thee by the living God, that thou tell us whether thou be the Christ (i.e., HaMashiach), the SON OF GOD. Jesus saith unto him, Thou hast said (i.e., You said it, meaning yes): nevertheless I say unto you, Hereafter shall ye see the Son of man sitting on the right hand of power, and coming in the clouds of heaven."

Of our person, only the body that is seen talks, walks and acts out our wishes. The soul and spirit are invisible. Of the Godhead, only God the Son is seen or heard. The Father and Spirit are invisible. Jacob wrestled with Elohim (Gen. 32:28:30), the Son of God. John 1:18 says, "No man hath seen God at any time, the only begotten Son, which is in the bosom of the Father, he hath DECLARED (exegeomai, rehearsed, unfolded, i.e., revealed) him."

In John 14:8-11, "Philip saith unto him, Lord, shew us the Father, and it sufficeth us. Jesus saith unto him, Have I been so long time with you, and yet hast thou not known me, Philip? HE THAT HATH SEEN ME HATH SEEN THE FATHER; and how sayest thou then, Shew us the Father? Believest thou not that I AM IN THE FATHER, AND THE FATHER IN ME? the words that I speak unto you I speak not of myself: but THE FATHER THAT DWELLETH IN ME, he doeth the works. BELIEVE ME THAT I AM IN THE FATHER, AND THE FATHER IN ME: or else believe me for the very works' sake."

Jesus told Judas, "If a man love me, he will keep my words: and my Father will love him, and WE will come unto him, and make OUR abode with him." Referring to the Spirit of God, which is the Spirit of Christ, Jesus said, "I will not leave you comfortless: I WILL COME TO YOU" (John 14:18). Rom. 8:9 says, "But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the SPIRIT OF GOD dwell in you. Now if any man have not the SPIRIT OF CHRIST, he is none of his." II Cor. 5:19 says, "God was in Christ, reconciling the world unto himself."

This united plurality of God is seen in Mt. 28:19. It says, "Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name (singular) of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost."

The three are one, but we must keep in mind that God is not limited to the human body of Yeshua/Jesus. Yeshua got all the powers of the Godhead bodily. Col. 2:9 says, "in him dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead bodily." Yet John 4:24 tells us that God is Spirit. Acts 17:27,28 says, "he be not far from every one of us: For IN HIM WE LIVE, AND MOVE, AND HAVE OUR BEING."

1Ki 8:27 says, "But will God (Elohim) indeed dwell on the earth? behold, THE HEAVEN AND HEAVEN OF HEAVENS CANNOT CONTAIN THEE."

There is one God, consisting of the Father "AND" the Lord Jesus Christ. I Cor. 8:4,6 says, "there is none other God but one....But to us there is but one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we in him; AND one Lord Jesus Christ, by whom are all things, and we by him."

Elohim is called our "father" in Mal 2:10: "Have we not all one father? hath not one God created us? ..."

I found the articles below interesting.
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Does Elohim in Gen. 1:1 mean God or gods?
(http://www.bible.org/docs/qa/qa.asp?StudyID=285)

...elohim occurs only in Hebrew and no other Semitic language, not even in Biblical Aramaic...

Eloah...This term for God was usually clearly used for Israel’s God, the true God....The Hebrew word is quite similar to the Aramaic elah, the usual name for God in Biblical Aramaic…

In Deuteronomy 6:4, the well known passage called the Shema (from the Hebrew word meaning “to hear”), Hear, O Israel! The Lord is our God, the Lord is one!,” the word one is echad, which refers to one, not in the absolute sense, but one in the collective sense, like one bunch of grapes. Thus, even this passage does not destroy the concept of the trinity. While the trinity is not explicitly stated in either the Old or New Testaments, it is implicitly taught in a number of ways, but especially in the New Testament....

He wrote of Jesus, “looking for the blessed hope and the appearing of the glory of our great God and Savior, Christ Jesus.” According to the laws of Greek grammar, this passage, and there are plenty of others, declares that Christ Jesus is both our great God and Savior. The phrase “our great God and Savior, Jesus Christ” is one of the christologically significant texts affected by a grammatical rule called the Granville Sharp rule. In this text, we have one article, “the,” with two nouns, “God” and “Savior,” connected by kai, the Greek and. According to this rule, in the article-noun-kaiv-noun construction the second noun refers to the same person described by the first noun when (1) neither is impersonal; (2) neither is plural; (3) neither is a proper name. For more discussion see Wallace, Exegetical Syntax, 270-78, esp. 276.
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What's in a Name?
http://www.answersingenesis.org/creation/v23/i4/name.asp

This Hebrew plural, Elohim, actually means ‘more than two’

Her reply

Subject: Re: Article on elohim

Let me teach you something, please.

Just because a Hebrew word has an "im" ending doesn't make it plural. Let me give you an example: L'Chaim (to life). Notice, the word Chaim has the "im" ending. But the word is translated as singular. So, just because Elohim has the "im" ending, doesn't mean it is always plural.

In addition, when a man and woman join in marriage, they are one (Echad). This doesn't make them the same person, but they are one in agreement, in intention, in direction. They are united in purpose.

The Shema, which reads, "Shema Yisrael, Adonai Eloheniu, Adonai Echad" actually reads this way, "Listen, Israel, My Lord, Our God, My Lord, is our ONE AND ONLY."
Lots of people want to make this last word "echad" mean a compound unity but this is simply wishful thinking.

John 1:1, you know for a fact that there is no definite article in the Greek at the end of this sentence. This makes the word theos an adjective. Therefore, we should read it as...
"In the beginning was the word, and the word was with God, and the word was like God."

As far as your first John 5:7 is concerned...We know this verse has been changed to suit the needs of those wanting to prove the Trinity. Most Bibles show it ..."Three witnesses: the Spirit, the water, and the blood, and the three make one (which is the correct translation if you read the Greek). False Bibles have it as, "for there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost: and these three are one."

Your try to refute the article I sent you was not very good actually. You demonstrate one thing...you are very good at repeating what you have been told, but you are not a scholar and you certainly are a poor researcher.

My reply

> > John 1:1, you know for a fact that there is no definite article in the Greek at the end of this sentence. This makes the word theos an adjective. Therefore, we should read it as...
"In the beginning was the word, and the word was with God, and the word was like God."

Green's Interlinear has kai (and) Theos (God) en (was) o (the) Logos (Word). He translated it as "and the Word was God."

The Complete Jewish Bible says, "and the Word was God."

The Hebraic-Roots "New Testament" says, "and Eloah was the Word."

John 1:1 in the Wycliffe New Testament from 1380 AD says, "In the bigynnyng was the word, and the word was at God, and God was the word."

> > As far as your first John 5:7 is concerned...We know this verse has been changed to suit the needs of those wanting to prove the Trinity. Most Bibles show it ..."Three witnesses: the Spirit, the water, and the blood, and the three make one (which is the correct translation if you read the Greek). False Bibles have it as, "for there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost: and these three are one."

Thanks for bringing this to my attention. Even though it is all there in the Greek, and he translates each word, Green's translation into English has verse 7 in italics.

There is a note in the Tischendorf New Testament. It says, "7.8 SVA (i.e., Codex Sinaiticus, Codex Vaticanus, and Codex Alexandrinus) For there are three that bear record, the Spirit, and the water, and the blood, and these three agree in one (om. in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost: and these three are one. And there are three that bear witness in earth)".

It was there in 1380 AD. I John 5:7,8 (Wycliff) says, "For thre ben, that yyuen witnessing in heuene, the Fadir, the Sone, and the Hooli Goost; and these thre ben oon. and there is complete agreement between these three."

I John 5-13 in the CJB says, "Who does overcome the world if not the person who believes that Yeshua is the Son of God? He is the one who came by means of water and blood, Yeshua the Messiah -- not with water only, but with the water and the blood. And the Spirit bears witness, because the Spirit is the truth. There are three witnesses -- the Spirit, the water and the blood -- and these three are in agreement. If we accept human witness, God's witness is stronger, because it is the witness which God has given about his Son. Those who keep trusting in the Son of God have this witness in them. Those who do not keep trusting God have made him out to be a liar, because they have not trusted in the witness which God has given about his Son. And this is the witness: God has given us eternal life, and this life is in his Son. Those who have the Son have the life; those who do not have the Son of God do not have the life. I have written you these things so that you may know that you have eternal life -- you who keep trusting in the person and power of the Son of God."

The same passage in James Trimm's Hebraic-Roots Version says, "For who is it who overcomes the world but he who believes that Yeshua is the son of Eloah? This is he who came by means of water and blood, Yeshua the Messiah. He was not by water alone, but by water and blood. And the spirit bears witness, for the spirit is truth. And there are three witnesses, spirit and water and blood, and the three of them are as one. If we receive the witness of men, how much more the witness of Eloah that is greater? And this is the witness of Eloah that he bore witness concerning his son. Whoever trusts in the son of Eloah has this witness in his nefesh (i.e., soul). Everyone who does not trust has made Eloah a liar in that he did not believe the witness that Eloah bore witness concerning his son. And this is the witness that Eloah has given us eternal life, and the life is in his son. Everyone who holds fast to the son also holds fast to life. And everyone who does not hold fast to the son of Eloah does not have life."

> > you certainly are a poor researcher

I'm sorry, I've been busy. I'm 75 and my husband can barely walk. I have to do all the driving. He will be 80 next month. He woke up with the croup the other day. That's so scary. Had to get a vaporizer to run at night. I have to stay with him. Besides that our water heater had to be replaced. I had to hire it installed. All 3 of us (Ed, me and our son Dave) have injured our backs. We are not able to tackle such a job now. My days of going to the BIOLA library are over.(I don't live in La Mirada any more.) I read many books from their Seminary Collection for 7 years, but now, I have to make do with what is at my disposal. I appreciate the many Bibles I have and the ones I have been able to download from the Internet. Shalom and agape

Her reply, Re: Article on elohim (Please read this and post it in kindness)

> > The Complete Jewish Bible says, "and the Word was God."

Again, there is no definite article in the Greek to make it say..."and the word was God."
The TEV reads, "Before the world was created, the word already existed; he was with God, and he was the same as God." I have to give the TEV credit, it is more correct than other translations.
Dr. David Stern, the author of The Complete Jewish Bible says this..."Even though I had been living in Israel and speaking Hebrew since 1979, I knew from observing my children that my level of competence in the language was approximately that of a native Israeli fifth-grader." Page xiii of the Introduction.

So, you can't be serious when you try to use Dr. Stern as a source of truth when he himself admits he has the ability of an eleven year old.

I'm sorry about your husband and your situation. But you have to understand something...You are held to a high standard when it comes to teaching the word of God. You cannot compromise for any reasons, even if events in your life make things difficult or nearly impossible.

Like I said in my previous posts...You can't just repeat what you have heard or read over the years. You have to truly know what you are doing, check your sources and be open to the possibilities that will arise when you come across something that you have never encountered before.

My reply

> > The TEV reads, "Before the world was created, the word already existed; he was with God, and he was the same as God." I have to give the TEV credit, it is more correct than other translations.

Robert Bratcher, translator of the TEV (Today's English Version, better known as Good News for Modern Man) does not believe in the deity of Christ either. If you are interested in the TEV's reliability, you might want to check out these web sites.
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Billy Graham And False Bible Versions
http://www.revelationwebsite.co.uk/index1/evil/bg9.htm

This perverted translation replaces the word "blood" with "death" in speaking of the atonement of Jesus Christ (Satan and his host of servants fear the “Blood of the Lamb”, see Rev 12:11), and corrupts practically every passage dealing with Christ's deity.

The apostasy of its chief translator, Dr. Robert Bratcher, who does not believe that Jesus Christ is God, is the cause for the inaccuracy of the Good News Bible.
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Todays English Version - 1966
http://www.revelationwebsite.co.uk/index1/kjv/mouth3.htm#tev The corruption and inaccuracy of the Good News Bible, is caused by the apostasy of its chief translator, Dr. Robert Bratcher.

Dr. Robert Bratcher edited the "Questions & Answers" department of O Jornal Batista [The Baptist Journal], which is the official paper of the Brazilian Baptist Convention. It was in that column of July 9, 1953, that Bratcher said: "Jesus Christ would not enjoy omniscience. That is an attribute of God. ... Jesus did not claim He and the Father to be one--which would be absurd." (M.L. Moser, Jr., The Devil's Masterpiece, Little Rock: Challenge Press, 1970, p. 73.)
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A MOST FRIGHTFUL DECEPTION THE GOOD NEWS BIBLE AND TRANSLATOR ROBERT BRATCHER"
By David W. Cloud
http://www.wayoflife.org/articles/tev.htm

The Greek text says exactly what the KJV says: "the Word was God."
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I'll stick with Green's Interlinear. The Greek of John 1:1 is:
En (In) arche (beginning) en (was) o (the) Logos (Word), kai (and) o (the) Logos (Word) en (was) pros (with) ton Theos (God), kai (and) Theos (God) en (was) o (the) Logos (Word).

Green's translation into English says, "In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God."

That is right in line with Isaiah 44:6. Green's translation reads, "Thus says Jehovah [i.e.,YHVH], the King of Israel, AND his redeemer, Jehovah [i.e.,YHVH] of hosts: I (am) the first AND I am the last; and no God exists except Me."

YHVH King of Israel is the Pre-incarnate Son of God.
YHVH of hosts, His Redeemer, is the Incarnate Son of God.
The First becomes the Last for "God was in Christ reconciling the world to Himself" (II Cor. 5:19).

Yeshua claimed to be the first AND the last. Rev. 1:17 says, "He laid His right hand on me, saying to me, Do not fear. I am the First AND the Last."

In Rev. 22:16, Yeshua said, "I am the Root AND Offspring of David." He is both YHVH, the Root of David, AND Yeshua, the Offspring of David, for YHVH was in Yeshua reconciling the world unto Himself.

Isa. 45:21,22 says, "none else (is) a God besides Me, a just God AND a Savior; none except Me. Turn to Me and be saved, all the ends of the earth; for I (am) God, and none else (is)."

Isa. 48:12 says, "Listen to Me, O Jacob and Israel, My called: I (am) He; I (am) the first; I surely (am) the last."

Where a form of the verb hayah, to be, is not supplied, but is to be inserted by the reader, there is no change indicated. The first and the last are the same Lord.

THE GODHEAD, THREE UNITED IN ONE
Isa. 48:16,17 says, "Come near to me; hear this: I have not spoken in secret from the beginning. From its being, I (was) there; and now the [1] Lord Jehovah (YHVH) [the Father], and [2] His Spirit, has sent [3] Me [the Son of God]. Thus says Jehovah (YHVH), your Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel. I (am) Jehovah (YHVH) your God."

The speaker is the Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel, YHVH your God. He also is the Son of God.

In Prov. 30:4, Green translates: "who has gone up into Heaven, and has come down? Who has gathered the wind in His fists? Who has bound the waters in (His) garment? Who has made rise all the ends of the earth? WHAT (IS) HIS NAME, AND WHAT (IS) HIS SON'S NAME? Surely you know!

Psa. 2:8-12 says, "Jehovah (YHVH, the Father) said to ME (YHVH, the Son), YOU (ARE) MY SON...You shall break them with a rod of iron; You shall dash them in pieces like a potter's vessel. Now, then, be wise, O kings; be taught, O judges of the earth: Serve Jehovah (YHVH) with fear; yea, rejoice with trembling. KISS THE SON, lest He be angry, and you perish (from) the way, when His wrath is kindled but a little. O THE BLESSINGS OF ALL WHO ARE TRUSTING IN HIM!

Are you trusting in Him? Shalom and agape

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