Pro and Con 997

Posted 2-1-03

President George W. Bush delivered a short message to the nation on the shuttle tragedy. In closing, he quoted from Isaiah 40:26 "In the skies today we saw destruction and tragedy. Yet farther than we can see there is comfort and hope. In the words of the prophet Isaiah, 'Lift your eyes and look to the heavens. Who created all these? He who brings out the starry hosts one by one and calls them each by name. Because of His great power and mighty strength, not one of them is missing.' "The same Creator who names the stars also knows the names of the seven souls we mourn today. The crew of the shuttle Columbia did not return safely to Earth; yet we can pray that all are safely home. May God bless the grieving families, and may God continue to bless America.

And I say, God bless President Bush.

Incoming email, Re: ressurection

I found this and it might give you some more info confirming the Wednesday crucifixion and Saturday afternoon/evening resurrection...
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GOOD FRIDAY - GOOD DISCOVERY, by Mr. Ready
*Was Jesus crucified on a Friday?
*Jesus said that the ONLY sign He will give us is the sign of Jonah: 3 days and 3 nights!
* Was He in the grave for 3 days and 3 nights?

THE PROMISED MESSIAH
The doubting Pharisee's were asking Him for a SIGN - they required evidence as PROOF that he was the promised Messiah. "But He answered and said unto them, 'an evil and adulterous generation seeks after a sign, and there shall NO sign be given to it, but the sign of the Prophet Jonah. FOR AS JONAH WAS THREE DAYS AND THREE NIGHTS IN THE WHALE'S BELLY, SO SHALL THE SON OF MAN BE THREE DAYS AND THREE NIGHTS in the heart of the earth", (i.e. grave) (Matt. 12:39). Jonah 1:17,".... and Jonah was in the belly of the fish THREE DAYS AND THREE NIGHTS".

Y'SHUAH offered this exclusive sign as evidence of His Messiah-ship. This evidence was not just the fact that he would be resurrected from the grave. No, His challenge claimed more; infinitely more....a RESURRECTION claim was issued with a specific TIME STIPULATION....

Consider please, the tremendous importance of this SIGN. Y'SHUAH staked His claim to being your Saviour upon fulfilling this Sign by remaining exactly THREE DAYS AND THREE NIGHTS IN THE TOMB. ...The Bible in its original transcript DOES NOT say that Y'SHUAH was crucified on Friday and that He rose on Sunday!. Modern translators however, are fast changing this and translate "Preparation day"...to read with 'Friday', a fact for which they have NO authority! In such a translation the reader may well assume that he has 'Bible' proof for the Friday-crucifixion theory! But, is this what the Scriptures REALLY tell us?...

THE SIGN OF JONAH. Jonah was a "type" of the Saviour to come. After 3 days and 3 nights in the belly of the fish, he became the 'saviour' of the gentile city, Nineveh. By referring to Jonah as a sign, Y'SHUAH was pointing out to us that Jonah was a TYPE of the SAVIOUR Who would come for the WHOLE world....And if the modern day teachers would study the Bible more closely, then they too would not deny the fact that Messiah was in the grave for the full 72 hours...."the Jews intervened and said, 'What sign can you show us to justify what you have done?' He answered, "destroy this sanctuary and in three days I will raise it up"... But He was speaking of the sanctuary that was His BODY" (John 2:18-21, Luke 9:22, 11:29-30, Mark 9:31, Matt. 17:22-23)....

When blatant lies failed, the enemy brought in a MORE SUBTLE argument against the Resurrection, to deceive those who would not deny that the Messiah did arise from the grave, His subtle and persuasive ministers now claimed, "Yes, He did arise from the dead BUT NOT AS HE SAID He would, He was not in the grave for three days and three nights at all, you see, He was only there part of the time, really!"...

WHEN DID THE CRUCIFIXION TAKE PLACE?
We read in Mark 15:42-47 about the events on that afternoon of the Crucifixion. We know that it states that His Body was lain in the grave just before "And now when the even was come, BECAUSE IT WAS THE PREPARATION, that is , the day BEFORE THE SABBATH... and he (Joseph) bought fine linen, and took Him down, and wrapped Him in the linen and laid Him in a sepulchre, which was hewn our of a rock". Does that not confirm the common belief that he was crucified on FRIDAY, seeing that Friday is the day BEFORE the Sabbath? the Sabbath broke, which is roughly at between 5 p.m. to 6 p.m. then 72 hours forward would bring us to between 5 to 6 p.m. on Monday afternoon. By counting forward 3 nights, we also come to Monday for the Resurrection. This we cannot accept, as we read in John 20:1, "It was very early on the first day of the week (Sunday) and STILL DARK, when Mary of Magdalena came to the Tomb". Y'SHUAH HAD ALREADY RISEN EARLIER! (Also Luke 24:1; Mark 16:2)....

IF He was risen on Sunday, as is commonly taught, then it leaves us with ONE hour maximum for Friday (in the grave), plus 24 hours for Saturday, and a maximum of 12 hours for Sunday (reckoning from sunset to sunset). Which ever way we count, it leaves us with a maximum total of 37 hours, or ONE day and TWO nights in the grave.

THE LIE EXPOSED...Let us presume, therefore, that He rose at roughly 5 a.m. on Sunday morning. According to John 20:1 and Mark 16:2, it was still dark, just as the sun was rising, when the women visited the grave and..., found it empty! He had ALREADY risen earlier... it may have been much earlier! Counting BACK 72 hours from here, would bring us to roughly 5 a.m. on Thursday morning. Well this also cannot be, for we know that He was buried just before SUNSET, which is between 5 and 6 p.m. We must therefore set the time back even further seeing that we have scriptural proof that Y'SHUAH definitely did not arise later than sunrise on Sunday. He COULD therefore have risen much earlier than sunrise. This brings us to WEDNESDAY at 5 to 6 p.m. Could this have been the time that Y'SHUAH was crucified? Could it possibly have been on a Wednesday just before sunset?

But, you will say, remember that the next day was the Sabbath and Thursday most certainly is not the Sabbath. This is the very fact that has confused people. A fact that has completely been overlooked because Christians have LOST sight of the meaning of the sacred feast days and what they really typified. Thursday was NOT the Sabbath that was instituted at creation, the weekly Sabbath, BUT IT WAS A SABBATH THAT WAS INSTITUTED AT THE FIRST PASSOVER in Egypt! The Eternal instituted seven annual Sabbath days. (Lev. 23:15, 24, 32, 31 & 39) These annual Sabbaths were HOLY DAYS and called HIGH days, (Jo. 19:31) which could occur on any day of the week. They were to be kept forever....This Sabbath holds the key to the whole mystery! It had nothing to do with the creation Sabbath which is a weekly Sabbath. This Sabbath is to be kept only once a year. This SABBATH is the Sabbath that was the day after Passover. (Lev. 23; Ex. 12).

The Passover lamb was always killed on the 14th day of the Jewish month of Abib or Nisan. It was followed by the 7-day Festival of Unleavened Bread. This entire 8-day Festival became known as the PREPARATION DAY. The month of Abib was calculated from the appearing of the New Moon and irrespective of which day of the week this occurred, the Jews would count 14 days form that day, which would then be the PASSOVER DAY. In other words, if the 14th of Abib fell on a Monday, then the next day, Tuesday, would be the ANNUAL SABBATH. It was also called the FEAST DAY, a HIGH day. This is the SABBATH which is under discussion here. In the year of the Crucifixion, the 14th of Abib (Passover or preparation day), fell on a WEDNESDAY and the Thursday was the ANNUAL Sabbath day, a HIGH day. All churches accept that the Passover lamb slaughtered yearly by the Israelites, typified the TRUE Lamb that had to come. John the Baptist pointed to Y'SHUAH and said, "Behold THE LAMB OF THE MOST HIGH". (John 1:29). All churches also believe that Messiah was crucified on the Passover day. John testifies to this in John 19:14, "... it was the PREPARATION of the Passover (14th Abib) and about the 6th hour noon, and he said unto the Jews, 'Behold your King' . The Preparation day had started at sunset on Tuesday and it was in this same evening that the Jews took YAHSHUAH captive (John 18:3). It was at this sunset that Messiah had the Last Supper with His disciples. Further confirmation of these facts are also found in John 19:30-31, which describes the events that took place immediately after the Crucifixion: "It was Preparation Day and to prevent the bodies remaining on the cross during the Sabbath - since that Sabbath was a day of special solemnity (High Day).... " (John 19:30-31; Ex. 12:16; Lev. 23:6) Sabbath means 'Rest - and that Thursday was a SABBATH - a solemn Festive Day - a day in commemoration of Israel's deliverance from bondage in Egypt - Y'SHUAH now having become our Deliverer from our bondage in sin.

When these ANNUAL SABBATHS were celebrated, it could well happen that there would be TWO Sabbaths in that certain week - the annual Sabbath, which could fall on any day of the week and the WEEKLY Sabbath - These, two Sabbaths, in certain years of course, could coincide - but otherwise, the weekly Sabbath (Saturday), was NEVER called a HIGH DAY, neither was it ever called a FEAST DAY. The fact that there were two Sabbaths in the Crucifixion week is wonderfully proven by two apparently contradictory verses in the Bible. The 1st of these is found in Mark 16:1: "When the Sabbath was OVER, Mary (and others)... bought spices with which to go and anoint Him". The 2nd is found in Luke 23:56: After His body had been laid to the tomb, "... they returned and prepared spices and ointments, and rested the Sabbath day according to the Commandment".

We shall firstly apply these statements to the commonly accepted theory of Friday Crucifixion and Sunday Resurrection, to see if it fits the picture. If Messiah was crucified on Friday, then according to the first verse, the women should have bought the spices on Saturday evening (i.e. 'after the Sabbath). This would enable them to prepare it and go to the grave before sunrise on Sunday morning. But... read the 2nd verse! This states that, after they had prepared the spices, they rested on the SABBATH according to the Law! This would mean that the following day (Sunday) was also a Sabbath, so that they could not have gone to the grave until after Sunday, But Luke 24:1 explicitly states that the women went to the grave 'on the first day of the week' (Sunday), before dawn! So this theory does NOT fit.

Let us try and fit these texts into the Wednesday Crucifixion theory. Y'SHUAH was laid to the grave just before sunset on Wednesday, which left very little time for the purchasing of spices as that evening was the start of the 'High day' Sabbath. The Bible is very clear on this point. (Mark 15:42; John 19:30,31). If indeed Messiah was crucified on Wednesday afternoon, the women would have had no time to purchase spices until Thursday evening, after sunset i.e. after the close of the 'High' Sabbath, Indeed, the first mentioned verse confirms this, "when the Sabbath was over...", the spices were bought. They now could prepare these on the Friday and, as confirmed by the 2nd mentioned verse, "...rest on the Sabbath", (Saturday), according to the Law. The first opportunity to go to the grave would then have been on Sunday morning. Wonderful proof of a double Sabbath in that eventful week and also of the Wednesday Crucifixion theory!

Even as with the sign of Jonah, so it is with the sign (type) of the LAMB. A SET TIME WAS STIPULATED. The Passover lamb was not a lamb that could be killed at random and at any time. There was a set time. The Law required for it to be killed on the 14th day of Abib and the next day had to be a HOLY DAY. (Lev. 23:5 and 6). If the lamb was killed on any other day than the 14th, it would most definitely not have been accepted by the Most High as His Passover!

The same applies to Y'SHUAH Who became the True Lamb. The Apostle Paul said, "Y'SHUAH, OUR PASSOVER (Lamb), has been sacrificed" (1 Cor. 5:7). If the Messiah was not crucified on the EXACT DAY that the Passover lamb had to be killed, then He would also have been an Impostor. But, YAHSHUAH was crucified at the exact time of the year and that is why He IS our Passover Lamb! Will He then fulfil the one type, that of the 'Jonah' - exactly as to the predetermined time of the year - but NOT fulfil the other type, that of 'Jonah' - where also a set time was stipulated, namely 'three days and three nights'?

This was not only His CLAIM, but also HIS CHALLENGE unto the whole of humanity, He promised to FULFIL the 'type'. This He DID, despite the lies of Satan. For centuries people have blindly followed the lie of Rome, in believing that Messiah arose on Sunday. There is absolutely NO Scriptural foundation for this belief. People will say, as they usually do, that the two Mary's came to the sepulchre on the FIRST day of the week, and that they were told by the Angel that YAHSHUAH had 'arisen'. How is that explained?

The answer is very SIMPLE. When the two women arrived at the grave just before sunrise (John 20:1; Mark 16:2) YAHSHUAH was ALREADY RISEN... earlier thus - and it was yet dark!

WHEN DID THE RESURRECTION THEN TAKE PLACE? Seeing that He was buried at roughly 5 p.m. on Wednesday, then 72 hours hence will bring us to roughly 5 p.m. on the weekly Sabbath, Saturday afternoon. It was therefore a Sabbath resurrection and not as Rome says, a Sunday resurrection!

OTHER SINCERE OBJECTIONS
A. Mark 16:9, "Now when Y'SHUAH was risen EARLY THE FIRST DAY OF THE WEEK, He appeared first to Mary Magdalene". This could very well seem to mean that He was resurrected on Sunday. It COULD however, also mean, "when Y'SHUAH was (ALREADY) risen early the first day... He appeared to Mary..." Indeed, when He appeared to Mary, He WAS RISEN already! In fact, He was risen, late on Saturday afternoon, 'AS HE SAID' and as confirmed by the Angel at the EMPTY Tomb in the dawning hours of Sunday.

B. Matt. 28:1, "In the end of the Sabbath, as it began to dawn towards the first day of the week," the women came to the grave, "And behold there WAS a great earthquake." King James Version. This seems as if the Resurrection took place at the very time of their arrival. However, as confirmed in the margin of the reference edition, the more correct translation should read, "And behold, there HAD BEEN a great earthquake..." (earlier thus - it does not say when exactly). By reading the Bible chapter in context we note that just a few verses later, in verse 6, the Angel confirms "He is NOT here...." The quake and Resurrection had ALREADY taken place EARLIER.

C. For the sceptic there is one more proof, straight from the Bible - a specific time stipulation determining the exact time of the crucifixion some 500 years in advance. This time stipulation was given by the Prophet Daniel in a prophecy concerning the appearance and mission of the Messiah. This prophecy is recorded in Daniel 9:24-27. We read in verse 27, "And He shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and IN THE MIDST OF THE WEEK He shall cause the sacrifice and oblation to cease."
Dave Ready
This prophecy is recorded in Daniel 9:24-27.
We read in verse 27, "And He shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and IN THE MIDST OF THE WEEK He shall cause the sacrifice and oblation to cease."

This statement affords nothing and reveals nothing when we talk about the death day and resurrection day of Jesus Christ! Let us examine facts and nothing else!

START: JESUS' BIRTH
Because Herod the Great died just shortly before the Passover Day in the year of 4 B.C. [this is historical and factual] we can know that Jesus was born at least 2 years prior to that time. Herod had to have been alive to give the order for babies 2 years and under to be killed. This means, then, that Jesus was born some time around 8 B.C., 7 B.C. or 6 B.C. He could not have been born in any year after the year of 6 B.C. because He had to have been about 2 years old when Herod gave that order! Consequently, because Jesus Christ died in the year of 33 A.D. He had to have been at least 38 years of age when He died. My guess is that He was 40 years old when He died as 40 was a very important numerical period of time in the Holy Bible.

The Jews always have started their sacred and secular years with the advent of a New Moon. Each of their months start with the advent of a New Moon. When there is a Total Solar Eclipse taking place there is a New Moon taking place. In fact, a Total Solar Eclipse cannot take place unless there is a New Moon present! And, in addition, a Total Lunar Eclipse cannot take place unless there is a Full Moon present! This is very, very important information!

Every competent historian and proven theologian will agree that Jesus Christ died in the year of 33 A.D. I agree to that belief and you should, also! It is a fact! Did you know that in the year that we have just mentioned, 33 A.D., there was a Total Eclipse of the Sun occurring in the month of March? The actual time of the Total Solar Eclipse took place at 1049.2 GMT on March 19th. Now, let us look at that time and that date?

I am looking, now, at the 1997 World Almanac and Book of Facts. I am reading on pages 475 and 476. Page 475 directs me to a calendar number I should use for the year of 33 A.D. I must use the calendar number of 5. This will be shown on page 476. Calendar number 5 on page 476 shows me that the 19th of March in 33 A.D. was on a Thursday. This is what I was seeking! A Total Solar Eclipse [and, consequently, a New Moon was present] was taking place! Now, follow this very closely. 1049.2 GMT [England time] is the same as 1249.2 hours in the city of Jerusalem. In other words, if we were in Jerusalem at 10 minutes before 1 o'clock in the afternoon on March 19th, in 33 A.D., we would know that there was a Total Solar Eclipse taking place somewhere in the world. At that time a New Moon would be starting! In order for the Jews to see the start of the New Moon during one of their days then that day would have been started on the evening sunset before the New Moon started. That evening sunset would also have started their new month. In this case that evening sunset would have been on the date of March 18th. That date would have been the start of Nisan 1! That is a fact! And, if you will check on page 476 of the World Almanac you will see that March 18th was on a Wednesday. Do you have it now? Nisan 1, in 33 A.D., started on Wednesday evening at sunset. That can be determined, ABSOLUTELY, because of a Total Solar Eclipse that took place at the time that I have just mentioned. Nisan 14 starts 13 days after Nisan 1! If Nisan 1 is on a Wednesday then Nisan 15 must also be on a Wednesday [this is 14 days later]. If Nisan 15 starts on a Wednesday then Nisan 14 must start on a Tuesday! Nisan 14 is the Passover Day. Therefore, Nisan 14, the Passover Day, started on a Tuesday evening at sunset. FOLLOW THE NEXT PART VERY, VERY CAREFULLY! Nisan 1 started at sunset on the 18th of March and ended at sunset on the 19th of March. Nisan 14, the Passover Day, started at sunset on the 31st of March [13 days after Nisan 1 started] and ended at sunset on the 1st of April. Jesus Christ was our Passover Lamb! He died at about the 9th hour [roughly 3:00 P.M.] on Passover Day, April the 1st. This was Wednesday afternoon that He died. Approximately 3 hours later Joseph placed Jesus into his tomb. This was exactly at sunset on that Wednesday evening. Precisely 3 days and 3 nights later [exactly 3 full Jewish days and nights] He rose from the grave at sunset on Saturday evening to fulfill what He had stated about Jonah. Yes, you have given much information but you have left much missing. I have provided you with the exact proof of Jesus' death day and resurrection day. Not one person can dispute the time of a Total Solar Eclipse! That is astronomical and mathematical certainty and fact! And, any learned person knows that the Jews always start their days with a New Moon.

Here is a clear indication that by His Crucifixion He would make an end to the system of animal sacrifice for the forgiveness of sins. He would be the TRUE Lamb and His life would be 'cut off' in the 'middle' of the week, Wednesday, to be the perfect sacrificial Lamb for our sins. All Thanks be to Y'shua, our eternal Redeemer and Saviour, the True and Perfect Lamb of the Most High.

FOR YOUR INFORMATION:
Astronomical information comes mainly from Theodore Oppolzer. His Solar and Lunar eclipse sightings are from 1250 B.C. through 2050 A.D. They are, at the most, only 20 minutes off in their accuracy. You want to check out Oppolzer? Go to the library or to the internet! ASTRONOMERS AND MATHEMATICIANS TODAY STILL USE HIS RECKONINGS! Regards / Groete, JB (Johan Bellardi)

My reply

> > Was Jesus crucified on a Friday?

No. I think it was on Thursday, Nisan 13, the "PREPARATION OF THE PASSOVER" (John 19:14). The Resurrection was early Sunday, the Feast of Firstfruits. Three days before that was Thursday.

The Bible does not mention 72 hours. To Jews, part of a day is counted as a whole day. Jesus was 3 days and 3 nights in the grave (Thur, day), (Fri, night then day) (Sat., night then day), and Sun night).

(1) Thursday, Nisan 13, Preparation of the Passover - Crucifixion
(2) Friday, Nisan 14, Feast of Passover (Lev. 23:5)
(3) Saturday, Nisan 15, Feast of Unleavened Bread (Lev. 23:6)
Sunday, Nisan 16, Feast of Firstfruits - Resurrection

Josephus, a Pharisee priest, said, "on the SECOND DAY OF UNLEAVENED BREAD, WHICH IS THE SIXTEENTH day of the month, they first partake of the fruits of the earth, for before that day they do not touch them...they offer the FIRST-FRUITS of their barley" (Ant. III. X. 5).

In this same section, Josephus spoke of Passover on the 14th and said that Unleavened Bread was on the "fifteenth day of the month, and CONTINUES seven days." THERE WOULD BE NO BREAK IN THAT SEVEN DAYS. They would run continuously:

(1) Nisan 15 - Sat - Feast of Unleavened Bread
(2) Nisan 16 - Sun - Feast of Firstfruits
(3) Nisan 17 - Mon
(4) Nisan 18 - Tue
(5) Nisan 19 - Wed
(6) Nisan 20 - Thur
(7) Nisan 21 - Fri

Those are 7 continuous days. Josephus showed that the 2nd day of Unleavened Bread is Firstfruits. That was the day of Jesus' resurrection. It is hooked to the 2nd day of Unleavened Bread, so it is not a moveable feast. It is always Nisan 16, day 2 of the 7 days of unleavened bread.

That knocks out the theory that Firstfruits is to be counted from the morrow after the Saturday Sabbath. In some years that would cause a break in the 7 continuous days of Unleavened Bread.

> > Jesus said that the ONLY sign He will give us is the sign of Jonah: 3 days and 3 nights!

Jonah also told Ninevah that they would be overthrown in 40 days (Jonah 3:4). This pre-figured the overthrow of Jerusalem in 70 AD, 40 years after the Crucifixion in 30 AD. These 40 years were also portrayed by Ezekiel. In 4:6, the Lord said, "thou shalt bear the iniquity of the house of Judah forty days: I have appointed thee each day for a year."

> > Was He in the grave for 3 days and 3 nights?

Yes. Remember that for Jews, the 12 hours of night precede the 12 hours of day. The night of Nisan 13 was already gone before the Crucifixion at 9 AM on Thursday morning. The 3 days and 3 nights were Thursday (day), Friday (night then day), Saturday, (night then day), and Sunday (night).

> > the fact that Messiah was in the grave for the full 72 hours that He stipulated.

He didn't stipulate that he would be in the grave for the full 72 hours. In Mat 12:40, he merely said, "For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale's belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth (Mt. 12:40)." It doesn't even mention "hours." To the Jews, part of a day was counted as one day.

> > He answered, "destroy this sanctuary and in three days I will raise it up"... But He was speaking of the sanctuary that was His BODY" (John 2:18-21, Luke 9:22, 11:29-30, Mark 9:31, Matt. 17:22-23).

Jesus was raised up on the third day. He was crucified on Thursday. Mat 20:19 says, "shall deliver him to the Gentiles to mock, and to scourge, and to crucify him: and the third day he shall rise again." The 3 days were (1) Friday, (2) Saturday, and (3) Sunday.

> > His subtle and persuasive ministers now claimed, "Yes, He did arise from the dead BUT NOT AS HE SAID He would, He was not in the grave for three days and three nights at all, you see, He was only there part of the time, really!"

I don't find this in the Bible. Therefore, we can't go by it.

> > "And now when the even was come, BECAUSE IT WAS THE PREPARATION, that is , the day BEFORE THE SABBATH... and he (Joseph) bought fine linen, and took Him down, and wrapped Him in the linen and laid Him in a sepulchre, which was hewn our of a rock". Does that not confirm the common belief that he was crucified on FRIDAY, seeing that Friday is the day BEFORE the Sabbath? the Sabbath broke, which is roughly at between 5 p.m. to 6 p.m.

No. Friday, Nisan 14, was the Passover, a Sabbath of rest when no work could be done. It was "an high day" (John 19:31). Saturday was not "an high day." It was the weeky Sabbath, the 7th day of the week.

I found something interesting in Josephus (Wars. VI. IX. 3). Josephus, a first century Pharisee priest and Jewish historian, said, "So these high priests, upon the coming of their feast which is called the PASSOVER, WHEN THEY SLAY THEIR SACRIFICES, FROM THE NINTH HOUR (3 PM) TO THE ELEVENTH (5 PM)..." This is the same (3 to 5 PM) as meant by the literal meaning "between the evenings" in the Old Testament. Jesus/Yahshua/Y'shua died within this period. He was put in the stone tomb as the lambs were put in the ovens to roast.

> > The Passover lamb was always killed on the 14th day of the Jewish month of Abib or Nisan. It was followed by the 7-day Festival of Unleavened Bread. This entire 8-day Festival became known as the PREPARATION DAY.

When Nisan 13 ended at 6 PM, Nisan 14 began. From 6 PM, there were only 6 hours until the death of the firstborn at midnight. They had to roast the lamb and eat it before midnight. There was no way of waiting until the afternoon of Nisan 14 to kill the lambs. If their blood had not been on the doorposts at midnight, 6 hours after Nisan 14 began, their firstborn would have been dead.

Nisan 14 had 12 hours of night, then 12 hours of day. The ONLY MIDNIGHT Nisan 14 had was 6 hours after the beginning of that date. After the 12 hours of night, the rest of Nisan 14 was all daytime.

> > All churches also believe that Messiah was crucified on the Passover day. John testifies to this in John 19:14, "... it was the PREPARATION of the Passover (14th Abib) and about the 6th hour noon, and he said unto the Jews, 'Behold your King'.

No matter who believes that Jesus was crucified on Passover, I think the Bible shows that he was crucified on the day BEFORE Passover, on the "PREPARATION of the Passover." John 19:31 says, " Joh 19:31 says, "The Jews therefore, because IT WAS THE PREPARATION, that the bodies should not remain upon the cross on the sabbath day, (for that sabbath day was an high day [a feast day, Nisan 14],) besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away" (taken away on Nisan 13, before Nisan 14 came at 6 PM.

> > The fact that there were two Sabbaths in the Crucifixion week is wonderfully proven by two apparently contradictory verses in the Bible. The 1st of these is found in Mark 16:1: "When the Sabbath was OVER, Mary (and others)... bought spices with which to go and anoint Him". The 2nd is found in Luke 23:56: After His body had been laid to the tomb, "... they returned and prepared spices and ointments, and rested the Sabbath day according to the Commandment"

> > But... read the 2nd verse! This states that, after they had prepared the spices, they rested on the SABBATH according to the Law! This would mean that the following day (Sunday) was also a Sabbath

Only feast days and Saturdays (the 7th day of the week) are Sabbath Days. Sunday is not. It is the 1st day of the week. Let's look at the verses again. Remember that in 30 AD, Friday was the Passover Sabbath, the High Day. Saturday was the Unleavened Bread Sabbath as well as the weekly Sabbath.

Luk 23:56 says, "they returned, and PREPARED SPICES AND OINTMENTS (on what was left of Nisan 13, PREPARATION DAY); and rested the sabbath day (Saturday) according to the commandment." In the list of the Ten Commandments, Ex. 20:8-10 says,"Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work: But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates: For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day."

There were 2 sabbath days, the Friday Feast of Passover and the Saturday Sabbath. Luk 23:53-56 says, "he took it (Jesus' body) down, and wrapped it in linen, and laid it in a sepulchre that was hewn in stone, wherein never man before was laid. And that day (Thursday, Nisan 13) was the PREPARATION, and the sabbath (Friday, Feast of Passover, Nisan 14) drew on. And the women also, which came with him from Galilee, followed after, and beheld the sepulchre, and how his body was laid. And they returned, and PREPARED SPICES AND OINTMENTS (on PREPARATION DAY, Nisan 13); and rested the sabbath day (Saturday) according to the commandment." On Sunday, they bought more spices and went to the tomb.

Mar 16:1 says, "when the sabbath (Saturday) was past, Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James, and Salome, had BOUGHT SWEET SPICES (on Sunday, remember that it started on the previous 6 PM), that they might come and anoint him."

Luk 24:1 says, "Now upon the first day of the week (Sunday), very early in the morning, they came unto the sepulchre, BRINGING THE SPICES which they had prepared (i.e., and bought), and certain others with them."

> > Y'SHUAH was laid to the grave just before sunset on Wednesday, which left very little time for the purchasing of spices as that evening was the start of the 'High day' Sabbath.

It didn't say they purchased them then. They prepared spices and ointments that they had on hands on Thursday just before Passover began at 6 PM. They purchased more after Saturday came to an end.

> > The Bible is very clear on this point. (Mark 15:42; John 19:30,31).

Mar 15:42,43 says, " when the even (the going down of the Sun, 3 to 6 PM) was come, because it was the preparation (Thursday), that is, the day before the sabbath (the Passover), Joseph of Arimathaea, an honourable counsellor, which also waited for the kingdom of God, came, and went in boldly unto Pilate, and craved the body of Jesus.

> > If indeed Messiah was crucified on Wednesday afternoon, the women would have had no time to purchase spices until Thursday evening, after sunset i.e. after the close of the 'High' Sabbath, Indeed, the first mentioned verse confirms this, "when the Sabbath was over...", the spices were bought. They now could prepare these on the Friday and, as confirmed by the 2nd mentioned verse, "...rest on the Sabbath", (Saturday), according to the Law. The first opportunity to go to the grave would then have been on Sunday morning. Wonderful proof of a double Sabbath in that eventful week and also of the Wednesday Crucifixion theory!

If there had been an extra day between Sabbaths, the women wouldn't have had to wait until Sunday to buy more spices. However, there couldn't be an extra day in there anyway. The Crucifixion was on Thursday, Nisan 13. Passover was Friday, Nisan 14. Unleavened Bread was Saturday, Nisan 15. Firstfruits was Sunday, Nisan 16.

> > The Passover lamb was not a lamb that could be killed at random and at any time. There was a set time. The Law required for it to be killed on the 14th day of Abib and the next day had to be a HOLY DAY. (Lev. 23:5 and 6). If the lamb was killed on any other day than the 14th, it would most definitely not have been accepted by the Most High as His Passover!

In temple days, the Passover lambs were killed between 3 and 5 PM on PREPARATION DAY, Nisan 13. They had to be roasted and ready to eat between the following 6 PM and midnight. Jesus died shortly after 3, as the lambs were dying. If Jesus died on Nisan 13, the next day was the 14th, "an high day." the Passover.

1Co 5:7 says, "Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened. For even Christ our passover is sacrificed for us." He was sacrificed as the lambs were being sacrificed. The type is perfect.

> > Will He then fulfil the one type, that of the 'Jonah' - exactly as to the predetermined time of the year - but NOT fulfil the other type, that of 'Jonah' - where also a set time was stipulated, namely 'three days and three nights'?

They were fulfilled perfectly. There was Thursday (day), Friday, (night then day), and Saturday (night then day), and Sunday (night).

> > For the sceptic there is one more proof, straight from the Bible - a specific time stipulation determining the exact time of the crucifixion some 500 years in advance. This time stipulation was given by the Prophet Daniel in a prophecy concerning the appearance and mission of the Messiah. This prophecy is recorded in Daniel 9:24-27. We read in verse 27, "And He shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and IN THE MIDST OF THE WEEK He shall cause the sacrifice and oblation to cease."

Dan. 9:27 is not talking about the Messiah. He was "cut off (karath, killed)" in 9:26. Verse 27 is talking about the False Prophet.

Thanks for the information on the astronomer. Agape

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